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Solaris 11的自动化安装(AI server)的搭建
类别:Solaris   作者:码皇   来源:fengchenlongxia的专栏     点击:

Solaris 11的自动化安装(AI server)的搭建先讲讲我的运行环境:SunOS test13 5 11 11 1 i86pc i386 i86pc, 运行在虚拟机ESX server上面一:首先搭建dhcp server1 root@test13: repo repoea pkg
Solaris 11的自动化安装(AI server)的搭建   先讲讲我的运行环境:SunOS test13 5.11 11.1 i86pc i386 i86pc,  运行在虚拟机ESX server上面   一:首先搭建dhcp server   1. root@test13:/repo/repoea# pkg list | grep dhcp network/dhcp/dhcpmgr                              0.5.11-0.175.1.0.0.24.2    i-- network/dhcp/dhcpmgr/locale                       0.5.11-0.175.1.0.0.23.1134 i-- service/network/dhcp                              0.5.11-0.175.1.0.0.24.2    i-- service/network/dhcp/datastore/binfiles           0.5.11-0.175.1.0.0.24.2    i-- service/network/dhcp/isc-dhcp                     4.1.0.6-0.175.1.0.0.24.0   i--   2.安装dhcp包, pkg install network/dhcp/dhcpmgr network/dhcp/dhcpmgr/locale  service/network/dhcp service/network/dhcp/datastore/binfiles service/network/dhcp/isc-dhcp       3.配置dhcp   dhcpconfig -D -r SUNWfiles -p /var/dhcp  dhcpconfig -N 10.200.117.0 -t 10.200.117.1(-N代表网段,-t代表默认路由) dhtadm -A -m Solaris-11-ea-sparc -d ':DNSdmain=cdc.veritas.com:DNSserv=10.200.117.18:BootSrvA=10.200.117.245:BootFile="http://10.200.117.245:5555/cgi-bin/wanboot-cgi":Subnet=255.255.255.0:Router=10.200.117.1:'  (创建宏,其中BootFile后面是创建的ai service的服务,用installadm create-service生成以后会有这个bootfile)   将客户机加入到这个宏里面:   pntadm -A 10.200.117.244 -h test11 -c test11 -m Solaris-11-ea-x86  -i 01000C2929BC02 -s 10.200.117.245 -f PERMANENT -e "01/01/2080" 10.200.117.0(-i是指网卡的mac地址前面要加01,-A是增加 -h是指客服机hostname,-m是指宏,-s是指server ip,-f是指不过期,10.200.117.0指你的网段)  dhcpconfig -S -r(重启dhcp)  确保这个服务是起来了的:svc:/network/dhcp-server:default(用svcs -a|grep dhcp查看下,没起来把服务开启)   用pntadm -L 查看你简历的网段   root@test13:/repo/repoea# pntadm -L 10.200.117.0   pntadm -P 10.200.117.0查看所在网段的客服机器   root@test13:/repo/repoea# pntadm -P 10.200.117.0 Client ID       Flags   Client IP       Server IP       Lease Expiration                Macro           Comment     01000C2929BC02  01      10.200.117.244  10.200.117.245  Forever                         Solaris-11-ea-x86       test11   dhtadm -P 查看简历的宏   root@test13:/repo/repoea# dhtadm -P Name                    Type            Value ================================================== Solaris-11-ea-x86       Macro           :DNSdmain=cdc.veritas.com:DNSserv=10.200.117.18:BootSrvA=10.200.117.245:BootFile="default-i386/boot/grub/pxegrub2":Subnet=255.255.255.0:Router=10.200.117.1: Solaris-11-ea-sparc     Macro           :DNSdmain=cdc.veritas.com:DNSserv=10.200.117.18:BootSrvA=10.200.117.245:BootFile="http://10.200.117.245:5555/cgi-bin/wanboot-cgi":Subnet=255.255.255.0:Router=10.200.117.1:   二:第一步的时候遗留了一个问题就是生成bootfile,现在我们要创建ai service     1:我的一些iso资源,包括solaris 11 U1的x86和sparc,还有就是repo做IPS   root@test13:/mnt/os/OS/solaris11/U1# ls sol-11_1-24b-ai-sparc.iso    sol-11_1-24b-ai-x86.iso      sol-11_1-24b-repo-p01.iso    sol-11_1-24b-repo-p02.iso         2:创建文件系统mount点   zfs create -o compression=on -o mountpoint=/ai rpool/ai(ai server里面有manifest和profile等目录,存放manifest和profile) zfs create -o compression=on -o mountpoint=/repo rpool/repo(做IPS)     cd /ai;mkdir aiboot manifest cd /mnt;mkdir nfs iso mount -o vers=3 10.200.117.71:/lab /mnt/nfs svcadm enable svc:/network/dns/multicast:default svcadm enable network/tftp/udp6   3:创建ai service     installadm create-service -n Solaris-11-ea-sparc -s /mnt/nfs/iso/ea/sol-11-ea-ai-sparc.iso  -d /ai/aiboot/Solaris-11-ea-sparc installadm create-service -n Solaris-11-ea-x86 -s /mnt/nfs/iso/ea/sol-11-ea-ai-x86.iso -d  /ai/aiboot/Solaris-11-ea-x86 这里会生成一个bootfile文件,记住这个名字,这个名字要和dhcp server的宏相关联   root@test13:/ai/profile# installadm create-service -n Solaris-11-ea-sparc -s /mnt/os/OS/solaris11/U1/sol-11_1-24b-ai-sparc.iso -d /ai/aiboot/Solaris-11-ea-sparc     Creating service from: /mnt/os/OS/solaris11/U1/sol-11_1-24b-ai-sparc.iso Setting up the image ...     Creating sparc service: Solaris-11-ea-sparc     Image path: /ai/aiboot/Solaris-11-ea-sparc     Service discovery fallback mechanism set up Creating SPARC configuration file Refreshing install services     Creating default-sparc alias     Service discovery fallback mechanism set up Creating SPARC configuration file No local DHCP configuration found. This service is the default alias for all SPARC clients. If not already in place, the following should be added to the DHCP configuration: Boot file: http://10.200.117.245:5555/cgi-bin/wanboot-cgi     Refreshing install services       3:关联manifest到ai service         installadm add-manifest -n Solaris-11-ea-x86 -m manifest-ea -f /ai/manifest/manifest-ea.xml  -d(create-manifest也可以,我试过,-d的参数代表默认的)       installadm add-manifest -n Solaris-11-ea-sparc -m manifest-ea -f /ai/manifest/manifest-ea.xml -d      manifest的一个模板xml文件是:   root@test13:/mnt# cat /ai/manifest/manifest-ea.xml  <!DOCTYPE auto_install SYSTEM "file:///usr/share/install/ai.dtd.1"> <auto_install>   <ai_instance name="manifest-GA">     <target>       <logical>         <zpool name="rpool" is_root="true">           <filesystem name="export" mountpoint="/export"/>           <filesystem name="export/home"/>           <be name="solaris"/>         </zpool>       </logical>     </target>     <software type="IPS">       <destination>         <image>           <!-- Specify locales to install -->           <facet set="false">facet.locale.*</facet>           <facet set="true">facet.locale.de</facet>           <facet set="true">facet.locale.de_DE</facet>           <facet set="true">facet.locale.en</facet>           <facet set="true">facet.locale.en_US</facet>           <facet set="true">facet.locale.es</facet>           <facet set="true">facet.locale.es_ES</facet>           <facet set="true">facet.locale.fr</facet>           <facet set="true">facet.locale.fr_FR</facet>           <facet set="true">facet.locale.it</facet>           <facet set="true">facet.locale.it_IT</facet>           <facet set="true">facet.locale.ja</facet>           <facet set="true">facet.locale.ja_*</facet>           <facet set="true">facet.locale.ko</facet>           <facet set="true">facet.locale.ko_*</facet>           <facet set="true">facet.locale.pt</facet>           <facet set="true">facet.locale.pt_BR</facet>           <facet set="true">facet.locale.zh</facet>           <facet set="true">facet.locale.zh_CN</facet>           <facet set="true">facet.locale.zh_TW</facet>         </image>       </destination>       <source>         <publisher name="solaris">           <origin name="http://10.200.117.245:10002"/>         </publisher>       </source>       <!--         By default the latest build available, in the specified IPS         repository, is installed.  If another build is required, the         build number has to be appended to the 'entire' package in the         following form:                 <name>pkg:/entire@0.5.11-0.build#</name>       -->       <software_data action="install">         <name>pkg:/entire@latest</name>         <name>pkg:/group/system/solaris-large-server</name>         <name>pkg:/slim_install</name>       </software_data>     </software>   </ai_instance> </auto_install> 红色部分是你的IPSserver的地址和端口     4:创建profile    installadm create-profile -n Solaris-11-ea-sparc -f /ai/profile/10.200.117.244.xml -p profile-ea installadm create-profile -n Solaris-11-ea-x86 -f /ai/profile/10.200.117.244.xml -p profile-ea profile xml文件就不贴出来了,太长了,官网有     5:创建IPS   lofiadm -a /mnt/os/mnt/os/OS/solaris11/U1/sol-11_1-24b-repo-p01.iso     mount -F hsfs /dev/lofi/1 /mnt/iso     rsync -aP /mnt/iso/repo/ /repo/repoea/     /usr/lib/pkg.depotd -d /repo/repoea -p 10002 > /dev/null& 这个只是将p01的包拷入到/repo/repoea/,再重复上面的操作,然后将p02也拷入到/repo/repoea/       好了,我们现在就可以重启机器通过ai server 自动安装系统了  
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